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Mining the Herschel-Astrophysical Terahertz large area survey: submillimetre-selected blazars in equatorial fields

López-Caniego, M., González-Nuevo, J., Massardi, M., Bonavera, L., Herranz, D., Negrello, M., De Zotti, G., Carrera, F. J., Danese, L., Fleuren, S., Hardcastle, M., Jarvis, M. J., Klöckner, H. -R., Mauch, T., Procopio, P., Righini, S., Sutherland, W., Auld, Robbie Richard, Baes, M., Buttiglione, S., Clark, C. J. R., Cooray, A., Dariush, A., Dunne, Loretta ORCID:, Dye, S., Eales, Stephen Anthony ORCID:, Hopwood, R., Hoyos, C., Ibar, E., Ivison, R. J., Maddox, Steve ORCID: and Valiante, Elisabetta 2013. Mining the Herschel-Astrophysical Terahertz large area survey: submillimetre-selected blazars in equatorial fields. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 430 (3) , pp. 1566-1577. 10.1093/mnras/sts680

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The Herschel Astrophysical Terahertz Large Area Survey (H-ATLAS) provides an unprecedented opportunity to search for blazars at sub-mm wavelengths. We cross-matched the FIRST radio source catalogue with the 11655 sources brighter than 35 mJy at 500{\mu}m in the \sim 135 square degrees of the sky covered by the H-ATLAS equatorial fields at 9 h and 15 h, plus half of the field at 12 h. We found that 379 of the H-ATLAS sources have a FIRST counterpart within 10 arcsec, including 8 catalogued blazars (plus one known blazar that was found at the edge of one the H-ATLAS maps). To search for additional blazar candidates we have devised new diagnostic diagrams and found that known blazars occupy a region of the log(S500{\mu}m/S350{\mu}m) vs. log(S500{\mu}m/S1.4GHz) plane separated from that of the other sub-mm sources with radio counterparts. Using this diagnostic we have selected 12 further candidates that turn out to be scattered in the (r-z) vs. (u-r) plane or in the WISE colour-colour diagram proposed by Massaro et al. (2012), where known blazars are concentrated in well defined strips. This suggests that the majority of them either are not blazars or have spectral energy distributions contaminated by their host galaxies. A significant fraction of true blazars are found to be hosted by star-forming galaxies. This finding, supported by an analysis of blazars detected in Planck 545 and 857 GHz bands, is at odds with the notion that blazar hosts are passive ellipticals and indicates that the sub-mm selection is providing a novel prospect on blazar properties. Based on an inspection of the available photometric data, including the WISE all-sky survey, the unpublished VIKING survey and new radio observations, we tentatively estimate that there are 11 blazars with synchrotron flux density S500{\mu}m > 35mJy over the considered area. This result already allows us to constrain blazar evolution models.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Physics and Astronomy
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Uncontrolled Keywords: BL Lacertae objects: general, quasars: general, submillimetre: general
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 0035-8711
Last Modified: 21 Oct 2022 08:59

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