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The fate of the unattended stimulus: Irrelevant speech and cognition

Jones, Dylan Marc ORCID: 1995. The fate of the unattended stimulus: Irrelevant speech and cognition. Applied Cognitive Psychology 9 (7) , S23-S38. 10.1002/acp.2350090704

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Following a tradition established by Broadbent of understanding the fate of the unattended message, the effects of extraneous sound (especially speech) on cognitive processing are reviewed. Speech disturbs the encoding or registration of visual material, particularly in settings in which the sound and vision combine to have the property of a single object. The effect of irrelevant speech on short-term memory is confined to verbal or spatial tasks that require memory for serial order, and is most pronounced with sounds that exhibit change. This effect is not confined to speech, however, and a range of non-speech sounds can disrupt serial recall. Studies using complex tasks, though less common, are consistent in showing appreciable interference from irrelevant speech. The effect on reading is qualitatively dissimilar to that found with short-term memory. Implications for theory and practice are spelled out.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Publisher: Wiley
ISSN: 0888-4080
Last Modified: 21 Oct 2022 09:09

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