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The quasi-optical design of the QUaD Telescope

Cahill, Gary, O'Sullivan, C., Murphy, J. A., Lanigan, W., Gleeson, E., Ade, Peter A. R. ORCID:, Bock, J. J., Bowden, M., Carlstrom, J. E., Church, S. E., Ganga, K., Gear, Walter Kieran ORCID:, Harris, J., Hinderks, J., Hu, W., Kovac, J., Lange, A., Leitch, E. M., Maffei, B., Mallie, O., Melhuish, S., Orlando, A., Pisano, G, Piccirillo, L., Pryke, C., Rusholme, B., Taylor, A., Thompson, K. L. and Zemcov, M. 2004. The quasi-optical design of the QUaD Telescope. Presented at: Millimeter and Submillimeter Detectors for Astronomy II, Glasgow, UK, 23-25 June 2004. Published in: Zmuidzinais, Jonas, Holland, Wayne S. and Withington, Stafford eds. Millimeter and Submillimeter Detectors for Astronomy II. SPIE Proceedings (5498) Bellingham, WA: SPIE, pp. 396-406. 10.1117/12.551680

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QUaD is a ground-based high-resolution (up to l ≈ 2500) instrument designed to map the polarisation of the Cosmic Microwave Background and to measure its E-mode and B-mode polarisation power spectra. QUaD comprises a bolometric array receiver (100 and 150 GHz) and re-imaging optics on a 2.6-m Cassegrain telescope 2. It will operate for two years and begin observations in 2005. CMB polarisation measurements will require not only a significant increase in sensitivity over earlier experiments but also a better understanding and control of systematic effects particularly those that contribute to the polarised signal. To this end we have undertaken a comprehensive quasi-optical analysis of the QUaD telescope. In particular we have modelled the effects of diffraction on beam propagation through the system. The corrugated feeds that couple radiation from the telescope to phase-sensitive bolometers need to have good beam symmetry and low sidelobe levels over the required bandwidth. It is especially important that the feed horns preserve the polarisation orientation of the incoming fields. We have used an accurate mode-matching model to design such feed horns. In this paper we present the diffraction analysis of the QUaD front-end optics as well as the electromagnetic design and testing of the QUaD corrugated feeds.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Physics and Astronomy
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Publisher: SPIE
ISSN: 0277786X
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Last Modified: 21 Oct 2022 09:27

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