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Biological activity of activating thyroid-stimulating hormone receptor mutants depends on the cellular context

Fuhrer, D., Lewis, Mark David, Alkhafaji, F., Starkey, K., Paschke, R., Wynford-Thomas, David, Eggo, M. and Ludgate, Marian Elizabeth 2003. Biological activity of activating thyroid-stimulating hormone receptor mutants depends on the cellular context. Endocrinology 144 (9) , pp. 4018-4030. 10.1210/en.2003-0438

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Activating TSH receptor (TSHR) mutations are a major cause of toxic thyroid adenoma and familial hyperthyroidism, and more than 37 such mutations have been described. Previously their functional activity had been assessed in terms of cAMP and inositol phosphate production and predominantly in transiently transfected COS-7 (monkey embryonic kidney cells), a model that does not reflect effects on thyrocyte proliferation and function. Here we have performed a systematic comparison of wild-type and seven gain-of-function TSHR mutants, introduced into rat FRTL-5 and human thyrocytes, using retroviral vectors. Our results show that 1) biological potency of TSHR mutants in thyroid cells does not correlate with their cAMP levels in transfected COS cells, highlighting the importance of cellular context and level of expression when assessing biological effects of oncogenic mutations; 2) dissociation between stimulation of function and growth occurs with thyrocyte differentiated functions more readily stimulated than growth; 3) TSHR mutants show a similar order of potency in FRTL-5 cells and human thyrocytes; 4) mutants inducing the highest stimulation of adenylyl cyclase may paradoxically fail to induce proliferation; and 5) biological effects of cAMP activating TSHR mutants are attenuated by complex counterregulatory mechanisms at least at the level of phosphodiesterases and cAMP regulatory element modulator isoforms.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
ISSN: 00137227
Last Modified: 08 Jan 2020 04:17

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