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Association of FOXE1 polyalanine repeat region with papillary thyroid cancer

Bullock, Martyn, Duncan, Emma L., O'Neill, Christine, Tacon, Lyndal, Sywak, Mark, Sidhu, Stan, Delbridge, Leigh, Learoyd, Diana, Robinson, Bruce G., Ludgate, Marian Elizabeth and Clifton-Bligh, Roderick J. 2012. Association of FOXE1 polyalanine repeat region with papillary thyroid cancer. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism 97 (9) , E1814-E1819. 10.1210/jc.2012-1456

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Context: Polyalanine tract variations in transcription factors have been identified for a wide spectrum of developmental disorders. The thyroid transcription factor forkhead factor E1 (FOXE1) contains a polymorphic polyalanine tract with 12-22 alanines. Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) close to this locus are associated with papillary thyroid cancer (PTC), and a strong linkage disequilibrium block extends across this region. Objective: The objective of the study was to assess whether the FOXE1 polyalanine repeat region was associated with PTC and to assess the effect of polyalanine repeat region variants on protein expression, DNA binding, and transcriptional function on FOXE1-responsive promoters. Design: This was a case-control study.Setting:The study was conducted at a tertiary referral hospital. Patients and Methods: The FOXE1 polyalanine repeat region and tag SNP were genotyped in 70 PTC, with a replication in a further 92 PTC, and compared with genotypes in 5767 healthy controls (including 5667 samples from the Wellcome Trust Case Control Consortium). In vitro studies were performed to examine the protein expression, DNA binding, and transcriptional function for FOXE1 variants of different polyalanine tract lengths. Results: All the genotyped SNP were in tight linkage disequilibrium, including the FOXE1 polyalanine repeat region. We confirmed the strong association of rs1867277 with PTC (overall P = 1 × 10(-7), odds ratio 1.84, confidence interval 1.31-2.57). rs1867277 was in tight linkage disequilibrium with the FOXE1 polyalanine repeat region (r(2) = 0.95). FOXE1(16Ala) was associated with PTC with an odds ratio of 2.23 (confidence interval 1.42-3.50; P = 0.0005). Functional studies in vitro showed that FOXE1(16Ala) was transcriptionally impaired compared with FOXE1(14Ala), which was not due to differences in protein expression or DNA binding. Conclusions: We have confirmed the previous association of FOXE1 with PTC. Our data suggest that the coding polyalanine expansion in FOXE1 may be responsible for the observed association between FOXE1 and PTC.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0254 Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology (including Cancer)
Publisher: The Endocrine Society
ISSN: 0021-972X
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 04:20

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