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The frequency of spinocerebellar ataxia type 23 in a UK population

Fawcett, Katherine, Mehrabian, Mohadeseh, Liu, Yo-Tsen, Hamed, Sherifa, Elahi, Elahe, Revesz, Tamas, Koutsis, Georgios, Herscheson, Joshua, Schottlaender, Lucia, Wardle, Mark, Morrison, Patrick J., Morris, Huw Rees, Giunti, Paola, Wood, Nicholas and Houlden, Henry 2013. The frequency of spinocerebellar ataxia type 23 in a UK population. Journal of Neurology 260 (3) , pp. 856-859. 10.1007/s00415-012-6721-1

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Spinocerebellar ataxias (SCA) are a genetically heterogeneous group of neurodegenerative diseases characterised by progressive cerebellar ataxia, dysarthria and oculomotor abnormalities. Recently the prodynorphin (PDYN) gene was identified as the cause of SCA23 in four Dutch families displaying progressive gait and limb ataxia. In this study we aimed to assess the frequency of PDYN gene defects and extend the phenotype of SCA23 patients in a UK ataxia series and also in patients from Greece, Egypt and India. We sequenced the coding and flanking intronic regions of the PDYN gene in a total of 852 ataxia patients, of which 356 were sporadic with no family history, 320 had a positive family history, and 176 probands had a positive family history and at least one family member had also been investigated. We also analysed 190 patients with multiple-system atrophy with cerebellar features (MSA-C), a phenocopy of SCA23. We identified a novel putative pathogenic heterozygous missense variant in the PDYN gene in an early onset SCA patient with an unknown family history. This variant was not present in 570 matched British controls. This is the first study to screen for SCA23 in UK patients and confirms that PDYN mutations are a very rare cause of spinocerebellar ataxia, accounting for ~ 0.1 % of ataxia cases but perhaps with a higher frequency in pure cerebellar ataxia. Given the rarity of PDYN mutations, front-line diagnostic evaluation of UK familial and early onset pure spinocerebellar ataxia patients should focus on other known ataxia genes.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics (CNGG)
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH426 Genetics
R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Spinocerebellar ataxia 23; Preproenkephalin; Genetics; Mutation
Publisher: Springer
ISSN: 0340-5354
Last Modified: 03 Aug 2022 01:14

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