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Phospholipase Cζ rescues failed oocyte activation in a prototype of male factor infertility

Nomikos, Michail, Yu, Yuansong, Elgmati, Khalil, Theodoridou, Maria, Campbell, Karen, Vassilakopoulou, Vyronia, Zikos, Christos, Livaniou, Evangelia, Amso, Nazar Najib, Nounesis, George, Swann, Karl and Lai, Francis Anthony 2013. Phospholipase Cζ rescues failed oocyte activation in a prototype of male factor infertility. Fertility and Sterility 99 (1) , pp. 76-85. 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2012.08.035

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Objective To determine the effect of infertility-linked sperm phospholipase Cζ (PLCζ) mutations on their ability to trigger oocyte Ca2+ oscillations and development, and also to evaluate the potential therapeutic utility of wild-type, recombinant PLCζ protein for rescuing failed oocyte activation and embryo development. Design Test of a novel therapeutic approach to male factor infertility. Setting University medical school research laboratory. Patient(s) Donated unfertilized human oocytes from follicle reduction. Intervention(s) Microinjection of oocytes with recombinant human PLCζ protein or PLCζ cRNA and a Ca2+-sensitive fluorescent dye. Main Outcome Measure(s) Measurement of the efficacy of mutant and wild-type PLCζ-mediated enzyme activity, oocyte Ca2+ oscillations, activation, and early embryo development. Result(s) In contrast to the wild-type protein, mutant forms of human sperm PLCζ display aberrant enzyme activity and a total failure to activate unfertilized oocytes. Subsequent microinjection of recombinant human PLCζ protein reliably triggers the characteristic pattern of cytoplasmic Ca2+ oscillations at fertilization, which are required for normal oocyte activation and successful embryo development to the blastocyst stage. Conclusion(s) Dysfunctional sperm PLCζ cannot trigger oocyte activation and results in male factor infertility, so a potential therapeutic approach is oocyte microinjection of active, wild-type PLCζ protein. We have demonstrated that recombinant human PLCζ can phenotypically rescue failed activation in oocytes that express dysfunctional PLCζ, and that this intervention culminates in efficient blastocyst formation.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Fertilization, Male infertility, Oocyte activation, Phospholipase C, PLC-zeta
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0015-0282
Last Modified: 09 Mar 2022 11:45

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