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Decision making and coping in healthcare: the Coping in Deliberation (CODE) framework

Witt, Jana, Elwyn, Glyn, Wood, Fiona Claire and Brain, Katherine Emma 2012. Decision making and coping in healthcare: the Coping in Deliberation (CODE) framework. Patient Education and Counseling 88 (2) , pp. 256-261. 10.1016/j.pec.2012.03.002

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Objective To develop a framework of decision making and coping in healthcare that describes the twin processes of appraisal and coping faced by patients making preference-sensitive healthcare decisions. Methods We briefly review the literature for decision making theories and coping theories applicable to preference-sensitive decisions in healthcare settings. We describe first decision making, then coping and finally attempt to integrate these processes by building on current theory. Results Deliberation in healthcare may be described as a six step process, comprised of the presentation of a health threat, choice, options, preference construction, the decision itself and consolidation post-decision. Coping can be depicted in three stages, beginning with a threat, followed by primary and secondary appraisal and ultimately resulting in a coping effort. Conclusions Drawing together concepts from prominent decision making theories and coping theories, we propose a multidimensional, interactive framework which integrates both processes and describes coping in deliberation. Practice implications The proposed framework offers an insight into the complexity of decision making in preference-sensitive healthcare contexts from a patient perspective and may act as theoretical basis for decision support.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Uncontrolled Keywords: deliberation, coping, framework, medical decision-making, preference-sensitive decision
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0738-3991
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2017 22:02

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