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Smoke without fire: Nursing facility closures in California, 1997-2001

Kitchener, Martin James ORCID:, Bostrom, Alan and Harrington, Charlene 2004. Smoke without fire: Nursing facility closures in California, 1997-2001. Inquiry 41 (2) , pp. 189-202. 10.5034/inquiryjrnl_41.2.189

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This paper draws from a rich longitudinal California data set to analyze the scope and nature of nursing home closures between 1997 and 2001, and to present a Cox proportionate hazards model of the risks of closure that arise from a range of facility and market characteristics. When compared with the sample total of 1,482 facilities operating in the baseline year of 1997, only 56 facilities closed through 2001, involving the loss of 3.8% of facilities and 2,915 beds (2.3%). The multivariate Cox model of factors associated with closure reports that: 1) hospital-based facilities are 600% more likely to close than are free-standing homes; 2) reducing bed size by one standard deviation (52 beds) increases the risk of closure by 460%; 3) facilities with losses of 5% or worse are more than twice as likely to close; and 4) a one-standard deviation increase in the spare bed capacity measure of county competition raises the risk of facility closure by 140%.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Business (Including Economics)
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
J Political Science > JK Political institutions (United States)
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
R Medicine > RT Nursing
Publisher: Excellus Health, Inc.
ISSN: 0046-9580
Last Modified: 21 Oct 2022 10:54

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