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Dyspnoea and mortality in older people in the community: a 10-year follow-up

Ahmed, Tanvir, Steward, John and O'Mahony, Marcella Sinead 2012. Dyspnoea and mortality in older people in the community: a 10-year follow-up. Age and Ageing 41 (4) , pp. 545-549. 10.1093/ageing/afs049

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Background: examine baseline dyspnoea and subsequent 10-year mortality adjusting for age and gender and determine whether dyspnoea is related to early or late mortality or both. Examine the relationship between dyspnoea and mortality adjusting for confounding effects of underlying diseases. Methods: we sent modified Medical Research Council (MRC) dyspnoea questionnaire to identify breathlessness in 1,404 randomly selected subjects from general practitioner lists of 5,002 subjects aged 70 years and over living in the community. A further random sample of 500 subjects underwent clinical assessment including pulmonary function tests, electrocardiography and echocardiography. Subjects were followed up for 10 years and all deaths were recorded, using general practitioner records and the local death registry. Results: prevalence of dyspnoea was 32.3%. Breathlessness was associated with early mortality and late mortality. At 2 years 10.1% breathless subjects died compared with 3.4% non-breathless (P = 0.02). At 10 years 63.3% breathless had died compared with 40.5% non-breathless (P = 0.0001). Increasing grade of MRC dyspnoea was associated with 10 mortality. Advancing age (OR: 2.27), male gender (OR: 1.95), breathlessness (OR: 2.53), left ventricular dysfunction (OR: 5.01) and chronic airways disease (OR: 3.04) were all significantly associated with 10-year mortality. After adjustment of age, gender and underlying diseases breathlessness was associated with 10-year mortality (P = 0.02). Conclusion: dyspnoea is a predictor of early and late mortality and increasing grade of dyspnoea is associated with a higher rate of mortality. Dyspnoea is an independent risk factor for mortality after adjustment for age, gender and underlying diseases.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Uncontrolled Keywords: dyspnoea, mortality, older people, elderly
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISSN: 0002-0729
Last Modified: 10 Jun 2023 01:31

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