Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

Will normal-sized female models in advertisements be viewed as positively as small-sized models?

Bian, Xuemei and Foxall, Gordon Robert ORCID: 2013. Will normal-sized female models in advertisements be viewed as positively as small-sized models? European Journal of Marketing 47 (3/4) , pp. 485-505. 10.1108/03090561311297427

Full text not available from this repository.


Purpose - Despite the call from the public domain to use normal-sized models (NM) in advertising and the fact of the recent movement in the practitioner’s domain concerning the use of NM, knowledge of the advantages/disadvantages concerning the use of NM in comparison to small-sized models (SM) is lacking. Prior research indicates that framing changes attitudes by altering the underlying considerations used in one’s evaluation, but there is few study that tests framing effects on consumers’ judgments of commercial persuasion. Moreover, an actionable understanding of the brand effects on consumers’ model evaluation remains unexplored. The purpose of this study is to address these unresolved issues. Design/methodology/approach - In two studies, we examine the effects of different instructional frames on consumers’ evaluation of NM as opposed to SM for new brands. We also examine how and to what extent brand effects of established brands might alter the effects of instructional frame on NM and SM evaluations. Furthermore, we investigate the direct and indirect impact of consumers’ health-consciousness concerning SM on the results. Findings - Research findings are discussed. Originality/value - This research contributes to literature by bridging four knowledge gaps. First, this research is one of the few which investigated consequences resulting from using NM. Second, knowledge of comparative advantages/disadvantages in the relationship to the use of unconventional models versus SM was lacking until the present research. Third, this research is one of the few which provides empirical evidence of framing effects on consumers’ judgment of commercial persuasion. Fourth, brand effects on consumers’ model evaluations were unknown until the current research.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Business (Including Economics)
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HF Commerce
H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
Uncontrolled Keywords: Adaptation-level theory; Attractiveness; Brands; Instructional frame; Normal-sized model; Small-sized model; Women
Publisher: Emerald
ISSN: 0309-0566
Last Modified: 24 Oct 2022 09:51

Citation Data

Cited 6 times in Scopus. View in Scopus. Powered By Scopus® Data

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item