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The UNCTAD and WORKPORT models of port development: Evolution or revolution?

Beresford, Anthony Kenneth Charles ORCID:, Gardner, Bernard M., Pettit, Stephen John ORCID:, Naniopoulos, A. and Wooldridge, Christopher Frederick 2004. The UNCTAD and WORKPORT models of port development: Evolution or revolution? Maritime Policy & Management 31 (2) , pp. 93-107. 10.1080/0308883042000205061

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Around ten years have elapsed since the UNCTAD model on port development was put forward as an explanation of how ports have adapted to incorporate technological, political and operational changes. The UNCTAD Three Generation Port Model is critically examined in the light of research carried out under the WORKPORT project funded by the European Commission, 1998–1999. Evidence from the WORKPORT study shows that, rather than developing in discrete steps, ports evolve continuously, adapting to new technologies, fresh legislation, revised working practices and other influences on an as-required basis. Further, it is demonstrated that several streams of evolution can be observed simultaneously; the pace of change within each stream can vary substantially. One of the prominent features of ports is that they often have several terminals, some operating along traditional lines while others may be leading edge in terms of technology, working practices or other aspects; all of them may be equally effective. The UNCTAD model, implying ports develop in discrete steps, or generations, is therefore shown to be fundamentally flawed.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Business (Including Economics)
Earth and Environmental Sciences
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD28 Management. Industrial Management
H Social Sciences > HE Transportation and Communications
Publisher: Taylor and Francis
ISSN: 0308-8839
Last Modified: 09 Nov 2022 08:19

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