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Mapping the distribution of emissive molecules in human ocular lipofuscin granules with near-field scanning optical microscopy

Krogmeier, J. R., Clancy, C. M. R., Pawlak, A., Rozanowska, Malgorzata Barbara, Sarna, T., Simon, J. D. and Dunn, R. C. 2001. Mapping the distribution of emissive molecules in human ocular lipofuscin granules with near-field scanning optical microscopy. Journal of Microscopy 202 (2) , pp. 386-390. 10.1046/j.1365-2818.2001.00855.x

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Several high resolution imaging techniques are utilized to probe the structure of human ocular lipofuscin granules. Atomic force microscopy reveals typical granule sizes to be about one micrometre in diameter and hundreds of nanometres in height, in agreement with previous electron microscopy results. For issues concerning the role of lipofuscin in age-related macular degeneration, recent attention has focused on the orange-emitting fluorophore, A2E. Confocal microscopy measurements are presented which reveal the presence of a highly emissive component in the granules, consistent with the presence of A2E. It is shown, however, that the interpretation of these results is complicated by the lack of structural details about the particles. To address these issues, near-field scanning optical microscopy (NSOM) measurements are presented which measure both the lipofuscin fluorescence and topography, simultaneously. These measurements reveal distinct structure in the fluorescence image which do not necessarily correlate with the topography of the granules. Moreover, direct comparison between the NSOM fluorescence and topography measurements suggests that A2E is not the major component in lipofuscin. These measurements illustrate the unique capabilities of NSOM for probing into the microstructure of lipofuscin and uncovering new insights into its phototoxicity.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Optometry and Vision Sciences
Subjects: R Medicine > RE Ophthalmology
Uncontrolled Keywords: A2E; age-related macular degeneration; atomic force microscopy; confocal fluorescence microscopy; lipofuscin; near-field scanning optical microscopy; retinal pigment epithelium
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 1365-2818
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 04:45

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