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Evaluation of retinal function using the Dynamic Focal Cone ERG

Binns, Alison and Margrain, Thomas Hengist ORCID: 2005. Evaluation of retinal function using the Dynamic Focal Cone ERG. Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics 25 (6) , pp. 492-500. 10.1111/j.1475-1313.2005.00338.x

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The development of effective means of assessing visual function in retinal disease holds the key to improved understanding of pathogenesis, and better monitoring of treatment outcomes. In diseases such as age-related macular degeneration, in which the primary locus of dysfunction is the outer retina, tests which provide a direct measure of the functional integrity of the photoreceptor/retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) complex are of great importance. Recovery of retinal function following adaptation to a bright light requires the healthy function of photoreceptors, RPE, Bruch's membrane and choroidal circulation, making an assessment of this recovery a potentially useful clinical tool. However, current techniques are either subjective in nature, or are influenced by post-retinal processing of visual information. This report describes a novel technique, the ‘Dynamic Focal Cone Electro-retinogram (ERG)’, which allows direct, objective assessment of the recovery of macular function following photopigment bleach. A series of 41 Hz ERGs was recorded, and ERG amplitude was plotted as a function of time following cessation of the bleach. Normative data was collected from 10 healthy subjects. For all subjects, there was no measurable ERG immediately after the bleach, but the amplitude had returned to a pre-bleach level within 4 min. The amplitude recovery data were adequately described both by an exponential recovery function and by a model based on a rate-limited recovery process. We conclude that this technique provides a clinically applicable, objective measure of outer retinal recovery.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Optometry and Vision Sciences
Subjects: R Medicine > RE Ophthalmology
Uncontrolled Keywords: cone; electroretinogram; function; macular; recovery
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing
ISSN: 0275-5408
Last Modified: 24 Oct 2022 10:38

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