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Disruption of visual short-term memory by changing-state auditory stimuli: The role of segmentation

Jones, Dylan Marc ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8783-5542, MacKen, William ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2928-656X and Murray, Alison C. 1993. Disruption of visual short-term memory by changing-state auditory stimuli: The role of segmentation. Memory & Cognition 21 (3) , pp. 318-328. 10.3758/BF03208264

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Abstract

Typically, serial recall performance can be disrupted by the presence of an irrelevant stream of background auditory stimulation, but only if the background stream changes over time (the auditory changing-state effect). It was hypothesized that segmentation of the auditory stream is necessary for changing state to be signified. In Experiment 1, continuous random pitch glides failed to disrupt serial recall, but glides interrupted regularly by silence brought about the usual auditory changing-state effect. In Experiment 2, a physically continuous stream of synthesized vowel sounds was found to have disruptive effects. In Experiment 3, the technique of auditory induction showed that preattentive organization rather than critical features of the sound could account for the disruption by glides. With pitch glides, silence plays a preeminent role in the temporal segmentation of the sound stream, but speech contains corr-elated-time-varying changes in frequency and amplitude that make silent intervals superfluous.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
ISSN: 0090-502X
Last Modified: 24 Oct 2022 11:05
URI: https://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/46905

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