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Systematic review of the effects of schools and school environment interventions on health: Evidence mapping and synthesis

Bonell, C., Jamal, F., Harden, A., Wells, H., Parry, W., Fletcher, Adam, Petticrew, M., Thomas, J., Whitehead, M., Campbell, R., Murphy, Simon and Moore, Laurence Anthony Russell 2013. Systematic review of the effects of schools and school environment interventions on health: Evidence mapping and synthesis. [Technical Report]. Public Health Research, vol. 1 (1). NIHR Journals Library. Available at:

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Background: In contrast to curriculum-based health education interventions in schools, the school environment approach promotes health by modifying schools’ physical/social environment. This systematic review reports on the health effects of the school environment and processes by which these might occur. It includes theories, intervention outcome and process evaluations, quantitative studies and qualitative studies. Research questions: Research question (RQ)1: What theories are used to inform school environment interventions or explain school-level health influences? What testable hypotheses are suggested? RQ2: What are the effects on student health/inequalities of school environment interventions addressing organisation/management; teaching/pastoral care/discipline; and the physical environment? What are the costs? RQ3: How feasible/acceptable and context dependent are such interventions? RQ4: What are the effects on student health/inequalities of school-level measures of organisation/management; teaching/ pastoral care/discipline; and the physical environment? RQ5: Through what processes might such influences occur? Data sources: A total of 16 databases were searched between 30 July 2010 and 23 September 2010 to identify relevant studies, including the British Educational Index, the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, the Health Management Information Consortium, EMBASE, MEDLINE and PsycINFO. In addition, references of included studies were checked and authors contacted. Review methods: In stage 1, we mapped references concerning how the school environment affects health and consulted stakeholders to identify stage 2 priorities. In stage 2, we undertook five reviews corresponding to our RQs.

Item Type: Monograph (Technical Report)
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Social Sciences (Includes Criminology and Education)
Subjects: L Education > LB Theory and practice of education
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Publisher: NIHR Journals Library
ISBN: ISSN 2050-4381
ISSN: 2050-4381
Funders: NIHR PHR
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 10 March 2017
Last Modified: 11 Jul 2022 07:11

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