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The magmatic, metamorphic and tectonic evolution of the Northern Marginal Zone of the Limpopo Belt in Zimbabwe

Rollinson, H. and Blenkinsop, Thomas G. ORCID: 1995. The magmatic, metamorphic and tectonic evolution of the Northern Marginal Zone of the Limpopo Belt in Zimbabwe. Journal of the Geological Society 152 (1) , pp. 65-75. 10.1144/gsjgs.152.1.0065

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The Northern Marginal Zone of the Limpopo Belt in southern Africa comprises a Plutonic Assemblage of granitoids including a distinctive suite of porphyroclastic granites. and a much less abundant Supracrustal Assemblage of metabasites and iron formations. These rocks are at granulite facies above a normal thickness of continental crust. Most of the Plutonic Assemblage are intrusive rocks that crystallized from dry melts from 2800 to 2600 Ma, with a relatively simple thermal history. They may have been derived from partial melting of a mafic source. Some supracrustal rocks have experienced two thermal events at granulite facies. A reverse-sense shear zone forms the boundary of the Northern Marginal Zone with the Zimbabwe craton. The southern boundary is the Triangle shear zone, which is proven as a continuous structure along a much greater strike length than previously documented. A widespread sub-vertical foliation in the Northern Marginal Zone and the reverse shear zone formed during progressive NNW-SSE shortening. Crustal thickening occurred both magmatically and tectonically in the late Archaean, and was accompanied by synchronous uplift. Protracted magmatism provides a mechanism to incorporate supracrustal rocks into the lower crust, and can explain the occurrence of more than a single thermal event.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Earth and Environmental Sciences
Subjects: Q Science > QE Geology
Uncontrolled Keywords: Archaean; granulites; Limpopo Belt; Zimbabwe
Publisher: Geological Society of London
ISSN: 0016-7649
Last Modified: 24 Oct 2022 12:08

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