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Dry elasto-plastic contact of nominally flat surfaces

Manoylov, Anton, Bryant, Michael James and Evans, Henry Peredur ORCID: 2013. Dry elasto-plastic contact of nominally flat surfaces. Tribology International 65 , pp. 248-258. 10.1016/j.triboint.2013.02.029

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In mixed lubrication the lubricant film is not sufficiently thick to prevent contact between the working surfaces. As a result, the influence of the surface roughness on the pressure distribution becomes significant with large pressures being generated in the interaction regions of the most prominent surface asperities. In addition the flow of lubricant is obstructed by the asperities and therefore the flow cannot be described by the classical Reynolds equation for smooth surfaces. The flow of lubricant between rough surfaces was studied by e.g. Patir and Cheng, who introduced flow factors to modify the Reynolds equation so as to take roughness effects into account in an averaged way and this approach has been subsequently generalised to incorporate an homogenised Reynolds equation. These methods take account of roughness based on the distribution of gap between the loaded surfaces obtained from a dry contact analysis. This paper presents a method to solve dry contact problems for this purpose in the case of plane surfaces using a simple elastic–plastic model at the asperity contacts and a differential formulation for the elastic deflection, and provides validation for the method in terms of comparison with the results of an elastic–plastic rough surface contact analysis obtained using a finite element analysis.

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Uncontrolled Keywords: Rough surfaces; Elasto-plastic contact; Differential deflection; Harmonic roughness
Additional Information: Special Issue: Great Challenges in Tribology. 39th Leeds-Lyon Symposium on Tribology.
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0301-679X
Last Modified: 24 Oct 2022 12:09

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