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Anglo-American crude diplomacy: Multinational oil and the Iranian oil crisis, 1951–53

Marsh, Steve ORCID: 2007. Anglo-American crude diplomacy: Multinational oil and the Iranian oil crisis, 1951–53. Contemporary British History 21 (1) , pp. 25-53. 10.1080/13619460600785259

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The importance of non-state actors to western Cold War strategy and intergovernmental relations has not generally received the attention that it warrants. This article uses Iran's nationalisation of its oil industry in the early 1950s to demonstrate that analysing the role of non-state actors – in this case the oil majors – can provide further insights both into the policies adopted by the British and American governments toward the crisis and into consequent Anglo-American relations. Specifically it argues that the British and American governments found the oil majors to be indispensable in addressing the oil crisis and useful in managing their bilateral relationship. They also found, however, that the oil majors were able to de facto impose limits upon Anglo-American ‘crude diplomacy’ and that in doing so they on occasion changed the balance of Anglo-American exchanges.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Department of Politics and International Relations (POLIR)
Subjects: D History General and Old World > DA Great Britain
D History General and Old World > DS Asia
E History America > E151 United States (General)
J Political Science > JZ International relations
Uncontrolled Keywords: Anglo-American Relations, Anglo-Iranian Oil Crisis, Non-state Actors, Iran, Middle East, Oil Majors/Seven Sisters, Oil Consortium
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISSN: 1361-9462
Last Modified: 25 Oct 2022 07:58

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