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Modalities of memory: is reading lips like hearing voices?

Maidment, David William, Macken, William John ORCID: and Jones, Dylan Marc ORCID: 2013. Modalities of memory: is reading lips like hearing voices? Cognition 129 (3) , pp. 471-493. 10.1016/j.cognition.2013.08.017

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Functional similarities in verbal memory performance across presentation modalities (written, heard, lipread) are often taken to point to a common underlying representational form upon which the modalities converge. We show here instead that the pattern of performance depends critically on presentation modality and different mechanisms give rise to superficially similar effects across modalities. Lipread recency is underpinned by different mechanisms to auditory recency, and while the effect of an auditory suffix on an auditory list is due to the perceptual grouping of the suffix with the list, the corresponding effect with lipread speech is due to misidentification of the lexical content of the lipread suffix. Further, while a lipread suffix does not disrupt auditory recency, an auditory suffix does disrupt recency for lipread lists. However, this effect is due to attentional capture ensuing from the presentation of an unexpected auditory event, and is evident both with verbal and nonverbal auditory suffixes. These findings add to a growing body of evidence that short-term verbal memory performance is determined by modality-specific perceptual and motor processes, rather than by the storage and manipulation of phonological representations.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Uncontrolled Keywords: Verbal short-term memory; Suffix effect; Recency effect; Speech perception; Lipreading
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0010-0277
Last Modified: 25 Oct 2022 07:59

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