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Transplantation of human umbilical mesenchymal stem cells cures the corneal defects of Mucopolysaccharidosis VII mice

Coulson-Thomas, Vivien Jane, Caterson, Bruce ORCID: and Kao, Winston W-Y 2013. Transplantation of human umbilical mesenchymal stem cells cures the corneal defects of Mucopolysaccharidosis VII mice. Stem Cells 31 (10) , pp. 2116-2126. 10.1002/stem.1481

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Mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS) are a family of related disorders caused by a mutation in one of the lysosomal exoglycosidases which leads to the accumulation of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs). MPS VII, caused by a mutation in β-glucuronidase, manifests hepatomegaly, skeletal dysplasia, short stature, corneal clouding and developmental delay. Current treatment regimens for MPS are not effective for treating corneal clouding and impaired mental development. We hypothesized that human umbilical mesenchymal stem cells (UMSC) transplanted into the corneal stroma could participate in the catabolism of GAGs providing a means of cell therapy for MPS. For such treatment, human UMSC were intrastromally transplanted into corneas of MPS VII mice. UMSC transplantation restored the dendritic and hexagonal morphology of host keratocytes and endothelial cells, respectively, and in vivo confocal microscopy (HRTII) revealed reduced corneal haze. Immunohistochemistry using antibodies against HS and CS chains as well as LAMP2 revealed a decrease in GAG content and both lysosomal number and size in the treated corneas. Labeling UMSC intracellular compartments prior to transplantation revealed the distribution of UMSC vesicles throughout the corneal stroma and endothelium. An in vitro co-culture assay between skin fibroblasts isolated from MPSVII mice and UMSC demonstrated that neutral vesicles released by the UMSC are taken up by the fibroblasts and proceed to fuse with the acidic lysosomes. Therefore, transplanted UMSC participate both in extracellular GAG turnover and enable host keratocytes to catabolize accumulated GAG products, suggesting that UMSC could be a novel alternative for treating corneal defects associated with MPS and other congenital metabolic disorders.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Uncontrolled Keywords: Mucopolysaccharidosis; umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells; cornea; glycosaminoglycans; exosomes
Additional Information: Online publication date: 29 July 2013.
Publisher: AlphaMed Press
ISSN: 1066-5099
Last Modified: 25 Oct 2022 08:06

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