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Herschel-ATLAS: correlations between dust and gas in local submm-selected galaxies

Bourne, N., Dunne, Loretta ORCID:, Bendo, G. J., Smith, Matthew William L. ORCID:, Clark, Christopher Jonathan Redfern, Smith, D. J. B., Rigby, E. E., Baes, M., Leeuw, L. L., Maddox, Steve ORCID:, Thompson, M. A., Bremer, M. N., Cooray, A., Dariush, A., de Zotti, G., Dye, S., Eales, Stephen Anthony ORCID:, Hopwood, R., Ibar, E., Ivison, R. J., Jarvis, M. J., Michalowski, M. J., Rowlands, K. and Valiante, Elisabetta 2013. Herschel-ATLAS: correlations between dust and gas in local submm-selected galaxies. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 436 (1) , pp. 479-502. 10.1093/mnras/stt1584

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We present an analysis of CO molecular gas tracers in a sample of 500 μm-selected Herschel Astrophysical Terahertz Large Area Survey (H-ATLAS) galaxies at z < 0.05 (cz < 14990 km s−1). Using 22-500 μm photometry from Wide-Field Infrared Survey Explorer, Infrared Astronomical Satellite and Herschel, with H i data from the literature, we investigate correlations between warm and cold dust, and tracers of the gas in different phases. The correlation between global CO(3–2) line fluxes and far-infrared (FIR)-submillimetre (submm) fluxes weakens with increasing infrared wavelength (λ ≳ 60 μm), as a result of colder dust being less strongly associated with dense gas. Conversely, CO(2–1) and H i line fluxes both appear to be better correlated with longer wavelengths, suggesting that cold dust is more strongly associated with diffuse atomic and molecular gas phases, consistent with it being at least partially heated by radiation from old stellar populations. The increased scatter at long wavelengths implies that submm fluxes are a poorer tracer of star formation rate (SFR). Fluxes at 22 and 60 μm are also better correlated with diffuse gas tracers than dense CO(3–2), probably due to very small grain emission in the diffuse interstellar medium, which is not correlated with SFR. The FIR/CO luminosity ratio and the dust mass/CO luminosity ratio both decrease with increasing luminosity, as a result of either correlations between mass and metallicity (changing CO/H2) or between CO luminosity and excitation [changing CO(3–2)/CO(1–0)].

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Physics and Astronomy
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Uncontrolled Keywords: galaxies: ISM; infrared: galaxies; radio lines: galaxies; submillimetre: galaxies
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISSN: 0035-8711
Last Modified: 25 Oct 2022 08:42

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