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Dentate gyrus progenitor cell proliferation after the onset of spontaneous seizures in the tetanus toxin model of temporal lobe epilepsy

Jiruska, Premysl, Shtaya, Anan B. Y., Bodansky, David M. S., Chang, Wei-Chih, Gray, William Peter ORCID: and Jefferys, John G. R. 2013. Dentate gyrus progenitor cell proliferation after the onset of spontaneous seizures in the tetanus toxin model of temporal lobe epilepsy. Neurobiology of Disease 54 , pp. 492-498. 10.1016/j.nbd.2013.02.001

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Temporal lobe epilepsy alters adult neurogenesis. Existing experimental evidence is mainly from chronic models induced by an initial prolonged status epilepticus associated with substantial cell death. In these models, neurogenesis increases after status epilepticus. To test whether status epilepticus is necessary for this increase, we examined precursor cell proliferation and neurogenesis after the onset of spontaneous seizures in a model of temporal lobe epilepsy induced by unilateral intrahippocampal injection of tetanus toxin, which does not cause status or, in most cases, detectable neuronal loss. We found a 4.5 times increase in BrdU labeling (estimating precursor cells proliferating during the 2nd week after injection of toxin and surviving at least up to 7 days) in dentate gyri of both injected and contralateral hippocampi of epileptic rats. Radiotelemetry revealed that the rats experienced 112 ± 24 seizures, lasting 88 ± 11 s each, over a period of 8.6 ± 1.3 days from the first electrographic seizure. On the first day of seizures, their duration was a median of 103 s, and the median interictal period was 23 min, confirming the absence of experimentally defined status epilepticus. The total increase in cell proliferation/survival was due to significant population expansions of: radial glial-like precursor cells (type I; 7.2 ×), non-radial type II/III neural precursors in the dentate gyrus stem cell niche (5.6 ×), and doublecortin-expressing neuroblasts (5.1 ×). We conclude that repeated spontaneous brief temporal lobe seizures are sufficient to promote increased hippocampal neurogenesis in the absence of status epilepticus.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics (CNGG)
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Uncontrolled Keywords: Spontaneous seizures; Temporal lobe epilepsy; Neurogenesis; Tetanus toxin; Apoptosis
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0969-9961
Funders: MRC
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 30 March 2016
Last Modified: 25 Oct 2022 09:04

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