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Caffeine and caffeinated energy drinks

Smith, Andrew Paul ORCID: 2013. Caffeine and caffeinated energy drinks. Miller, Peter, ed. Principles of Addiction, Comprehensive Addictive Behaviors and Disorders, vol. 1. San Diego: Academic Press, pp. 777-785. (10.1016/B978-0-12-398336-7.00078-4)

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This chapter aims to provide a “cost–benefit” analysis of the effects of caffeine consumption. It starts by considering what caffeine is, sources of caffeine and levels of consumption. It then considers benefits of caffeine consumption and summarizes recent reviews on caffeine and: sports performance, removal of the effects of sleep deprivation, sustained operations, shift work, human error, and safety at work, mental health, and driving. The next sections consider effects of caffeine on children and adolescents and possible health effects of caffeine. Caffeine and dependence are discussed in the second part of the chapter, as is the issue of effects of caffeinated energy drinks. It is concluded that there are many beneficial effects of caffeine and that negative effects are restricted to consumption of high doses by susceptible individuals. Caffeine is almost certainly the most widely used drug of dependence in the world. Research on caffeine tells us little about the harmful effects of drugs of dependence and shows that dependence per se is not a problem.

Item Type: Book Section
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780123983367
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Last Modified: 25 Oct 2022 09:07

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