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Critical evaluation of methylcellulose as an alternative medium in sperm migration tests

Ivic, Ana, Onyeaka, Helen, Girling, Alan, Brewis, Ian Andrew, Ola, Bolarinde, Hammadieh, Nahed, Papaioannou, Spyros and Barratt, Christopher L. R. 2002. Critical evaluation of methylcellulose as an alternative medium in sperm migration tests. Human Reproduction 17 (1) , pp. 143-149. 10.1093/humrep/17.1.143

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BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the ability of human spermatozoa to penetrate methylcellulose (MC) and to compare this with penetration in hyaluronic acid. METHODS: Spermatozoa from normal (≥20×106 sperm/ml, ≥50% progressive motility, ≥5% normal forms) and oligozoospermic (<20×106 sperm/ml) semen samples were allowed to swim into glass capillary tubes containing methylcellulose with a viscosity of 15 centipoise (cp) (MC15) and 4000 cp (MC4000), hyaluronic acid (rooster comb) or Sperm Select. Penetration of the spermatozoa at 1, 2, 3 and 4 cm were correlated with basic semen parameters (concentration, motility and morphology). The effects of temperature on penetration into MC4000 were explored at 17–37°C. RESULTS: Higher numbers of spermatozoa penetrated MC4000 (10 mg/ml) compared with MC15 and the hyaluronic acid preparations. There was a highly significant correlation between the number of spermatozoa at all migration distances in MC4000 (10 mg/ml) and semen parameters. Increases in temperature from 17–37°C were accompanied by significantly higher numbers of spermatozoa at each penetration distance. MC4000 at 10 mg/ml was at least as favourable to sperm penetration as human cervical mucus. Effective discrimination between normal and abnormal samples was achieved using MC4000 (10 mg/ml). CONCLUSION: Our results suggest the potential use of methylcellulose (MC4000, 10 mg/ml) as a reproducible and effective alternative to hyaluronic acid in sperm migration tests.

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISSN: 1460-2350
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 06:13

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