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The economic, financial & social impacts of organised crime in the European Union

Levi, Michael ORCID:, Innes, Martin ORCID:, Reuter, Peter and Gundur, Rajeev Vishwanath ORCID: 2013. The economic, financial & social impacts of organised crime in the European Union. Brussels: European Parliament. Available at:

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The aim of the study is to generate a best estimate for the economic, financial and social costs of organised crime in and against the EU and to inform an evidence-based understanding of the associated issues. As so much uncertainty and known intra-EU and inter-crime variation exist, the study refrains from trying to create an aggregate figure for the costs of organised crime and responses to it in the EU as a whole and, instead, where possible, produces estimates for selected offenses. The study underlines that measuring the costs of organised crime is still at an early stage of development and that there is a clear need for more cross-border data matching and investigation in order to improve the quality of the evidence basis for European law enforcement agencies and their effectiveness in fighting organised crime.

Item Type: Monograph (Other)
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Social Sciences (Includes Criminology and Education)
Universities' Police Science Institute (UPSI)
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare
Additional Information: This document was requested by the European Parliament's Special Committee on Organised Crime, Corruption and Money Laundering (CRIM)
Publisher: European Parliament
Last Modified: 25 Oct 2022 09:31

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