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Rule-based semantic sensing platform for activity monitoring

Woznowski, Przemyslaw 2013. Rule-based semantic sensing platform for activity monitoring. PhD Thesis, Cardiff University.
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Sensors are playing an increasingly important role in our lives, and for these devices to perform to their maximum potential, they need to work together. A single device can provide a single service or a fixed set of services but, when combined with other sensors, different classes of applications become implementable. The vital criterion for this to happen is the ability to bring information from all sensors together, so that all measured physical phenomena can contribute to the solution. Mediation between applications and physical sensors is the responsibility of sensor network middleware (SNM). Rapid growth in the kinds of sensors and applications for sensors/sensor systems, and the consequent importance of sensor network middleware has raised the need to relatively rapidly build engineering applications from those components. A number of SNM exist, each of which attempts to solve the sensor integration problem in a different way. These solutions, based on their ‘closeness’ either to sensors or to applications, can be classified as low-level and high-level. Low-level SNM tends not to focus on making application development easy, while high-level SNM tends to be ‘locked-in’ to a particular set of sensors. We propose a SNM suitable for the task of activity monitoring founded on rules and events, integrated through a semantic event model. The proposed solution is intended to be open at the bottom – to new sensor types; and open at the top – to new applications/user requirements. We show evidence for the effectiveness of this approach in the context of two pilot studies in rehabilitation monitoring – in both hospital and home environment. Moreover, we demonstrate how the semantic event model and rule-based approach promotes verifiability and the ability to validate the system with domain experts.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Status: Unpublished
Schools: Computer Science & Informatics
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
Uncontrolled Keywords: Sensor informatics, rtls, active rfid, snm, wsnm, activity monitoring, activity recognition, rule-based sensing, sensors, sensor network middleware, rules, stroke rehabilitation, event model
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 30 March 2016
Last Modified: 19 Mar 2016 23:38

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