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Ionization-induced star formation - II. External irradiation of a turbulent molecular cloud

Dale, J. E., Clark, Paul ORCID: and Bonnell, I. A. 2007. Ionization-induced star formation - II. External irradiation of a turbulent molecular cloud. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 377 (2) , pp. 535-544. 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2007.11515.x

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In this paper, we examine numerically the difference between triggered and revealed star formation. We present smoothed particle hydrodynamic (SPH) simulations of the impact on a turbulent 104 M⊙ molecular cloud of irradiation by an external source of ionizing photons. In particular, using a control model, we investigate the triggering of star formation within the cloud. We find that, although feedback has a dramatic effect on the morphology of our model cloud, its impact on star formation is relatively minor. We show that external irradiation has both positive and negative effects, accelerating the formation of some objects, delaying the formation of others and inducing the formation of some that would not otherwise have formed. Overall, the calculation in which feedback is included forms nearly twice as many objects over a period of ∼0.5 freefall times (∼2.4 Myr), resulting in a star formation efficiency approximately one-third higher (∼4 per cent as opposed to ∼3 per cent at this epoch) as in the control run in which feedback is absent. Unfortunately, there appear to be no observable characteristics which could be used to differentiate objects whose formation was triggered from those which were forming anyway and which were simply revealed by the effects of radiation, although this could be an effect of poor statistics.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Physics and Astronomy
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Uncontrolled Keywords: stars: formation
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISSN: 0035-8711
Last Modified: 25 Oct 2022 09:45

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