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Metal template controlled formation of [11]ane-P2CNHC macrocycles

Kaufhold, Oliver, Stasch, Andreas ORCID:, Pape, Tania, Hepp, Alexander, Edwards, Peter Gerald ORCID:, Newman, Paul David ORCID: and Hahn, F. Ekkehardt 2009. Metal template controlled formation of [11]ane-P2CNHC macrocycles. Journal of the American Chemical Society 131 (1) , pp. 306-317. 10.1021/ja807333f

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The synthesis of N-heterocyclic carbene-diphosphine macrocycles by metal template assisted cyclization reactions has been explored. Attempts to prepare the facial tungsten tricarbonyl precursor complex containing an NH,NH-functionalized carbene and a suitable diphosphine resulted in displacement of the coordinated carbene and the isolation of the corresponding diphosphine tungsten tetracarbonyl [3]. The ReI chloro tetracarbonyl complex bearing an NH,NH-functionalized carbene ligand [5] can be prepared and is a suitable precursor for the subsequent formation of the carbene-diphosphine tricarbonyl intermediate [H2-6]Cl bearing reactive 2-fluoro substituents at the phosphine-phenyl groups. Two of these fluoro substituents are displaced by a nucleophilic attack upon deprotonation of the coordinated NH,NH-functionalized carbene resulting in new C−N bonds resulting in the partially coupled intermediate, [10], followed by the desired complex with the macrocyclic ligand [8]Cl. Compounds [H-7]Cl and [8]Cl are also formed during the synthesis of [H2-6]Cl as a result of spontaneous HF elimination. Complex [8]+ may be converted to the neutral dicarbonyl chloro analog [11] by action of Me3NO. Related chemistry with analogous manganese complexes is observed. Thus, from the NH,NH-functionalized carbene manganese bromo tetracarbonyl [12], the diphosphine manganese carbene tricarbonyl cation [H2-13] may be readily prepared which provides the macrocyclic carbene-diphosphine tricarbonyl cation [14]+ following base promoted nucleophilic intramolecular displacement of fluoride. Again, [14]+ is converted to the neutral bromo dicarbonyl upon reaction with Me3NO. All complexes with the exception of the reaction intermediate [10] have been characterized by spectroscopic and analytical methods in addition to X-ray crystallographic structure determinations for complexes [3], [5], [H2-6]Cl, [H2-6][9], [8]Cl, [10], [11], [12], and [14]Br.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Cardiff Catalysis Institute (CCI)
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Publisher: American Chemical Society
ISSN: 0002-7863
Last Modified: 17 Oct 2022 09:53

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