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Synergic activation of Toll-Like Receptor (TLR) 2/6 and 9 in response to ureaplasma parvum & urealyticum in human amniotic epithelial cells

Triantafilou, Martha ORCID:, De Glanville, Benjamin, Aboklaish, Ali F., Spiller, Owen Bradley ORCID:, Kotecha, Sailesh ORCID: and Triantafilou, Kathy ORCID: 2013. Synergic activation of Toll-Like Receptor (TLR) 2/6 and 9 in response to ureaplasma parvum & urealyticum in human amniotic epithelial cells. PLoS ONE 8 (4) , e61199. 10.1371/journal.pone.0061199

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Ureaplasma species are the most frequently isolated microorganisms inside the amniotic cavity and have been associated with spontaneous abortion, chorioamnionitis, premature rupture of the membranes (PROM), preterm labour (PL) pneumonia in neonates and bronchopulmonary dysplasia in neonates. The mechanisms by which Ureaplasmas cause such diseases remain unclear, but it is believed that inappropriate induction of inflammatory responses is involved, triggered by the innate immune system. As part of its mechanism of activation, the innate immune system employs germ-lined encoded receptors, called pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) in order to “sense” pathogens. One such family of PRRs are the Toll like receptor family (TLR). In the current study we aimed to elucidate the role of TLRs in Ureaplasma-induced inflammation in human amniotic epithelial cells. Using silencing, as well as human embryonic kidney (HEK) transfected cell lines, we demonstrate that TLR2, TLR6 and TLR9 are involved in the inflammatory responses against Ureaplasma parvum and urealyticum serovars. Ureaplasma lipoproteins, such as Multiple Banded antigen (MBA), trigger responses via TLR2/TLR6, whereas the whole bacterium is required for TLR9 activation. No major differences were observed between the different serovars. Cell activation by Ureaplasma parvum and urealyticum seem to require lipid raft function and formation of heterotypic receptor complexes comprising of TLR2 and TLR6 on the cell surface and TLR9 intracellularly.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH426 Genetics
R Medicine > RG Gynecology and obstetrics
Publisher: Public Library of Science
ISSN: 1932-6203
Funders: Children & Young People's Research Network (NISCHR, Wales)
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 30 March 2016
Last Modified: 13 Aug 2023 16:36

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