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Evidence for novel susceptibility genes for late-onset Alzheimer's disease from a genome-wide association study of putative functional variants

Grupe, Andrew, Abraham, Richard Alun, Li, Yonghong, Rowland, Charles, Hollingworth, Paul, Morgan, Angharad Rhys, Jehu, Luke, Segurado, Ricardo, Stone, David, Schadt, Eric, Karnoub, Maha, Nowotny, Petra, Tacey, Kristina, Catanese, Joseph, Sninsky, John, Brayne, Carol, Rubinsztein, David, Gill, Michael, Lawlor, Brian, Lovestone, Simo, Holmans, Peter Alan ORCID:, O'Donovan, Michael Conlon ORCID:, Morris, John C., Thal, Leon, Goate, Alison, Owen, Michael John ORCID: and Williams, Julie ORCID: 2007. Evidence for novel susceptibility genes for late-onset Alzheimer's disease from a genome-wide association study of putative functional variants. Human Molecular Genetics 16 (8) , pp. 865-873. 10.1093/hmg/ddm031

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This study sets out to identify novel susceptibility genes for late-onset Alzheimer's disease (LOAD) in a powerful set of samples from the UK and USA (1808 LOAD cases and 2062 controls). Allele frequencies of 17 343 gene-based putative functional single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were tested for association with LOAD in a discovery case–control sample from the UK. A tiered strategy was used to follow-up significant variants from the discovery sample in four independent sample sets. Here, we report the identification of several candidate SNPs that show significant association with LOAD. Three of the identified markers are located on chromosome 19 (meta-analysis: full sample P = 6.94E ? 81 to 0.0001), close to the APOE gene and exhibit linkage disequilibrium (LD) with the APOE?4 and ?2/3 variants (0.09 < D?<1). Two of the three SNPs can be regarded as study-wide significant (expected number of false positives reaching the observed significance level less than 0.05 per study). Sixteen additional SNPs show evidence for association with LOAD [P = 0.0010-0.00006; odds ratio (OR) = 1.07–1.45], several of which map to known linkage regions, biological candidate genes and novel genes. Four SNPs not in LD with APOE show a false positive rate of less than 2 per study, one of which shows study-wide suggestive evidence taking account of 17 343 tests. This is a missense mutation in the galanin-like peptide precursor gene (P = 0.00005, OR = 1.2, false positive rate = 0.87).

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Systems Immunity Research Institute (SIURI)
MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics (CNGG)
Neuroscience and Mental Health Research Institute (NMHRI)
ISSN: 0964-6906
Last Modified: 17 Oct 2022 08:37

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