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Surface plasmon resonance for probing quadruplex folding and interactions with proteins and small molecules

Redman, James Edward ORCID: 2007. Surface plasmon resonance for probing quadruplex folding and interactions with proteins and small molecules. Methods 43 (4) , pp. 302-312. 10.1016/j.ymeth.2007.05.008

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Surface plasmon resonance is a technique for detecting binding events at the surface of a thin metal film. Through the commercial availability of instrumentation and sensor chips, the technique has found widespread application for determining the affinity and kinetics of macromolecular interactions. A variety of quadruplex forming oligonucleotides have been immobilized to sensor chips to permit analysis of their binding interactions with both small molecule and protein analytes. The fold of the quadruplex must be maintained through an appropriate choice of buffer, and care must be taken to ensure that data interpretation is not hampered by non-specific binding and adsorption of the analyte to the sensor surface and instrument. Affinity constants determined by surface plasmon resonance for interactions with quadruplexes correlate meaningfully with other methods, such as UV–visible and fluorescence titrations, enzyme linked immunosorbent assay, thermal melting studies and telomerase inhibition. Kinetic measurements of the association and dissociation of duplexes of quadruplex forming oligonucleotides and their complementary strands have enabled calculation of the folding and unfolding rates of the quadruplex itself, and determination of its stability as a function of buffer composition.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Chemistry
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Uncontrolled Keywords: Surface ; Plasmon ; Resonance ; Quadruplex ; Tetrad ; Ligand ; Interaction ; Kinetics ; Affinity ; Folding
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 1046-2023
Last Modified: 17 Oct 2022 09:54

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