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Rab11 GTPase-regulated membrane trafficking is crucial for tip-focused pollen tube growth in tobacco

De Graaf, Barend H. J. ORCID:, Cheung, Alice Y., Andreyeva, Tatyana, Levasseur, Kathryn, Kieliszewski, Marcia and Wu, Hen-ming 2005. Rab11 GTPase-regulated membrane trafficking is crucial for tip-focused pollen tube growth in tobacco. The Plant Cell 17 (9) , pp. 2564-2579. 10.1105/tpc.105.033183

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Pollen tube growth is a polarized growth process whereby the tip-growing tubes elongate within the female reproductive tissues to deliver sperm cells to the ovules for fertilization. Efficient and regulated membrane trafficking activity incorporates membrane and deposits cell wall molecules at the tube apex and is believed to underlie rapid and focused growth at the pollen tube tip. Rab GTPases, key regulators of membrane trafficking, are candidates for important roles in regulating pollen tube growth. We show that a green fluorescent protein–tagged Nicotiana tabacum pollen-expressed Rab11b is localized predominantly to an inverted cone-shaped region in the pollen tube tip that is almost exclusively occupied by transport vesicles. Altering Rab11 activity by expressing either a constitutive active or a dominant negative variant of Rab11b in pollen resulted in reduced tube growth rate, meandering pollen tubes, and reduced male fertility. These mutant GTPases also inhibited targeting of exocytic and recycled vesicles to the pollen tube inverted cone region and compromised the delivery of secretory and cell wall proteins to the extracellular matrix. Properly regulated Rab11 GTPase activity is therefore essential for tip-focused membrane trafficking and growth at the pollen tube apex and is pivotal to reproductive success.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Publisher: American Society of Plant Biologists
ISSN: 1040-4651
Last Modified: 25 Oct 2022 10:06

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