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Changes in primary DNA sequence complexity influence the phenotypic consequences of mutations in human gene regulatory regions

Krawczak, M., Chuzhanova, N. A., Stenson, Peter Daniel, Johansen, B. N., Ball, Edward Vincent and Cooper, David Neil ORCID: 2000. Changes in primary DNA sequence complexity influence the phenotypic consequences of mutations in human gene regulatory regions. Human Genetics -Berlin- 107 (4) , pp. 362-365. 10.1007/s004390000393

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No general rules have been proposed to account for the functional consequences of gene regulatory mutations. In a first attempt to establish the nature of such rules, an analysis was performed of the DNA sequence context of 153 different single base-pair substitutions in the regulatory regions of 65 different human genes underlying inherited disease. Use of a recently proposed measure of DNA sequence complexity (taking into account the level of structural repetitiveness of a DNA sequence, rather than simply the oligonucleotide composition) has served to demonstrate that the concomitant change in local DNA sequence complexity surrounding a substituted nucleotide is related to the likelihood of a regulatory mutation coming to clinical attention. Mutations that led to an increase in complexity exhibited higher odds ratios in favour of pathological consequences than mutations that led to a decrease or left complexity unchanged. This relationship, however, was discernible only for pyrimidine-to-purine transversions. Odds ratios for other types of substitution were not found to be significantly associated with local changes in sequence complexity, even though a trend similar to that observed for Y-->R transversions was also apparent for transitions. These findings suggest that the maintenance of a defined level of DNA sequence complexity, or at least the avoidance of an increase in sequence complexity, is a critical prerequisite for the function of gene regulatory regions.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RZ Other systems of medicine
Publisher: Springer Verlag
ISSN: 0340-6717
Last Modified: 25 Oct 2022 10:09

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