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The p75 neurotrophin receptor negatively modulates dendrite complexity and spine density in hippocampal neurons

Zagrebelsky, M., Holz, A., Dechant, G., Barde, Yves-Alain, Bonhoeffer, T. and Korte, M. 2005. The p75 neurotrophin receptor negatively modulates dendrite complexity and spine density in hippocampal neurons. Journal of Neuroscience 25 (43) , pp. 9989-9999. 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.2492-05.2005

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The correlation between functional and structural neuronal plasticity is by now well documented. However, the molecular mechanisms translating patterns of neuronal activity into specific changes in the structure of neurons remain unclear. Neurotrophins can be released in an activity-dependent manner, and they are capable of controlling both neuronal morphology and functional synaptic changes. They are thus attractive molecules to be studied in the context of synaptic plasticity. In the CNS, most of the work so far has focused on the role of BDNF and of its tyrosine kinase B receptor (TrkB), but relatively little is known about the function of the pan-neurotrophin receptor p75NTR. In this study, we show in loss-of-function experiments that postnatal hippocampal pyramidal cells in two mutant lines of p75NTR have a higher spine density and greater dendritic complexity than wild-type (WT) mice. Conversely, in a gain-of-function approach, p75NTR overexpression in WT neurons significantly reduces dendritic complexity, as well as spine density in all dendritic compartments. These results show that p75NTR negatively modulates dendritic morphology in adult hippocampal pyramidal neurons and documents a new case of functional antagonism between Trk and p75NTR signaling.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Publisher: Society for Neuroscience
ISSN: 0270-6474
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 06:34

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