Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

Measuring genetic diversity in translocation programmes: principles and application to a chimpanzee release project

Goossens, Benoit ORCID:, Funk, Stephan Michael, Vidal, Carmen, Latour, Stéphanie, Jamart, Aliette, Ancrenaz, Marc, Wickings, Elisabeth J., Tutin, Caroline E. G. and Bruford, Michael WIlliam ORCID: 2002. Measuring genetic diversity in translocation programmes: principles and application to a chimpanzee release project. Animal Conservation 5 (3) , pp. 225-236. 10.1017/S1367943002002275

Full text not available from this repository.


Logging and poaching have dramatically reduced chimpanzee density and distribution in the Republic of Congo. Most chimpanzee translocations attempted in the past failed because a number of biological and non-biological factors can influence success. Biological considerations include knowledge of behaviour, disease, habitat requirements and genetics. We critically review genetic considerations in pre- and post-release phases of translocations and apply them to a welfare-based chimpanzee release project in the Republic of Congo which aimed to re-establish orphan chimpanzees in the wild with a native chimpanzee population. We analyze genetic diversity and relatedness in released animals and devise a genotyping strategy for monitoring of released individuals and their future offspring. Fifty-nine confiscated chimpanzees from different areas of the Republic of Congo were typed for 20 microsatellites using plucked hair as the DNA source. Genetic diversity was high, with an average expected heterozygosity of 81%, and three to 18 alleles per locus. Between 1996 and 1998, 19 individuals were released, and genetic analysis showed that these are unrelated (mean r± jack-knifed SD =−0.014 ± 0.001). Using FST and population admixture analysis, we identified population structure in wild chimpanzees. For long-term genetic monitoring of released and native chimpanzees, we identified a set of six informative markers, which are easy to score using basic techniques.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Sustainable Places Research Institute (PLACES)
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Publisher: Wiley
ISSN: 1367-9430
Last Modified: 27 Oct 2022 08:32

Citation Data

Cited 44 times in Scopus. View in Scopus. Powered By Scopus® Data

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item