Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

Expression of hyaluronan synthases in articular cartilage

Hiscock, D. R. R., Caterson, Bruce ORCID: and Flannery, C. R. 2000. Expression of hyaluronan synthases in articular cartilage. Osteoarthritis and Cartilage 8 (2) , pp. 120-126. 10.1053/joca.1999.0280

Full text not available from this repository.


Objective To investigate the mRNA expression profiles of three mammalian hyaluronan synthases (HAS1, HAS2 and HAS3) in chondrocytes from normal (undiseased) animal cartilage and osteoarthritic human cartilage maintained in experimental culture systems and exposed to catabolic or anabolic stimuli provided by cytokines, growth factors and retinoic acid. Design Chondrocytes isolated from normal bovine, porcine or from osteoarthritic human cartilage were cultured as monolayers or embedded in agarose. Cultures were maintained for 3–5 days in the presence or absence of catabolic stimuli (IL-1, TNF-α or retinoic acid) or anabolic stimuli (TGF-β or IGF-1) followed by extraction of RNA and analysis of HAS mRNA expression by RT-PCR. Results Whereas mRNA for HAS1 was not detected in any sample, the mRNAs for HAS2 and HAS3 were expressed in human, bovine and porcine chondrocytes. HAS2 mRNA was present in chondrocytes from all cartilages and under all culture conditions, whereas HAS3 did not show such constitutive expression. In agarose cultures of bovine and porcine chondrocytes HAS2 mRNA was present in control, IL-1 and retinoic acid treated cultures, whereas HAS3 mRNA was only detected in IL-1 stimulated cultures. Mature bovine chondrocytes cultured in monolayers expressed mRNAs for both HAS2 and HAS3 in the presence of IL-1, TNF-α, TGF-β and IGF-1, however immature bovine chondrocytes in monolayer cultures displayed virtually no HAS3 mRNA expression in the presence of these cytokines and growth factors. HAS2 and HAS3 mRNAs were also expressed by bovine chondrocytes isolated from either the superficial or deep zone of articular cartilage, and by human chondrocytes cultured either in the absence or presence of IL-1 and retinoic acid. Conclusions Our data indicate that HAS2 and HAS3 (but not HAS1) mRNAs are expressed in several mammalian cartilages. Chondrocyte HAS2 mRNA appears to be constitutively expressed while chondrocyte HAS3 mRNA expression can be differentially regulated in an age-dependent fashion, and may be affected by local and/or systemic catabolic or anabolic stimuli provided by cytokines or growth factors.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Hyaluronan synthase, Cartilage, Chondrocyte, Osteoarthritis.
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 1063-4584
Funders: OsteoArthritis Society International
Last Modified: 27 Oct 2022 08:45

Citation Data

Cited 30 times in Scopus. View in Scopus. Powered By Scopus® Data

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item