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Speech recognition against harmonic and inharmonic complexes: Spectral dips and periodicity

Deroche, Mickael L. D., Culling, John F. ORCID:, Chatterjee, Monita and Limb, Charles J. 2014. Speech recognition against harmonic and inharmonic complexes: Spectral dips and periodicity. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 135 (5) , 2873. 10.1121/1.4870056

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Speech recognition in a complex masker usually benefits from masker harmonicity, but there are several factors at work. The present study focused on two of them, glimpsing spectrally in between masker partials and periodicity within individual frequency channels. Using both a theoretical and an experimental approach, it is demonstrated that when inharmonic complexes are generated by jittering partials from their harmonic positions, there are better opportunities for spectral glimpsing in inharmonic than in harmonic maskers, and this difference is enhanced as fundamental frequency (F0) increases. As a result, measurements of masking level difference between the two maskers can be reduced, particularly at higher F0s. Using inharmonic maskers that offer similar glimpsing opportunity to harmonic maskers, it was found that the masking level difference between the two maskers varied little with F0, was influenced by periodicity of the first four partials, and could occur in low-, mid-, or high-frequency regions. Overall, the present results suggested that both spectral glimpsing and periodicity contribute to speech recognition under masking by harmonic complexes, and these effects seem independent from one another.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Publisher: Acoustical Society of America
ISSN: 0001-4966
Date of Acceptance: 19 March 2014
Last Modified: 27 Oct 2022 09:12

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