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Presynaptic modulation of sensory neurons in the segmental ganglia of arthropods

Watson, Alan Hugh David 2002. Presynaptic modulation of sensory neurons in the segmental ganglia of arthropods. Microscopy Research and Technique 58 (4) , pp. 262-271. 10.1002/jemt.10135

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The afferent terminals of arthropod sensory neurones receive abundant input synapses, usually closely intermingled with the sites of synaptic output. The majority of the input synapses use the neurotransmitter GABA, but in some afferents there is a significant glutamatergic or histaminergic component. GABA and histamine shunt afferent action potentials by increasing chloride conductance. Though glutamate can also have this effect in the arthropod central nervous system, its action on afferent terminals appears to be mediated by increases in potassium conductance or by the action of metabotropic receptors. The action of the presynaptic synapses on the afferents are many and varied. Even on the same afferent, they may have several distinct roles that can involve both tonic and phasic patterns of primary afferent depolarisation. Despite the ubiquity and importance of their effects however, the populations of neurones from which the presynaptic synapses are made, remain largely unidentified.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 1059-910X
Last Modified: 02 May 2019 11:32

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