Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

Non-firearm weapon use and injury severity: priorities for prevention

Brennan, Iain Richard, Moore, Simon Christopher ORCID: and Shepherd, Jonathan Paul ORCID: 2006. Non-firearm weapon use and injury severity: priorities for prevention. Injury Prevention 12 (6) , pp. 395-399. 10.1136/ip.2006.011858

Full text not available from this repository.


Objectives: To test the hypothesis that weapon-related violence (excluding firearms) results in more severe injury relative to the use of body parts (fists, feet and other body parts), and to rank order of injury severity by assault mechanism. Design: Retrospective cohort study. Participants: 24 660 patients who were treated in a UK emergency department for violence-related injury. Main outcome measure: Score on the Manchester Triage Scale. Results: The use of a weapon resulted in significantly more serious injury (adjusted odds ratio (AOR) 1.13, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.00 to 1.28). However, of all mechanisms of violent injury, the use of feet resulted in most severe injury (AOR 1.41, 95% CI 1.17 to 1.70), followed by blunt objects (AOR 1.35, 95% CI 1.14 to 1.58), other body parts (AOR 1.22, 95% CI 1.06 to 1.40) and sharp objects (AOR 1.09, 95% CI 0.91 to 1.5), compared with use of fists. Conclusions: Use of weapons resulted in more severe injury than use only of body parts. The use of feet caused the most serious injuries, whereas the use of fists caused the least severe injuries. Injury severity varied by number of assailants and age of the patient—peaking at 47 years—but not by number of injuries. Preventing the use of feet in violence, and preventing group violence should be major priorities.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Dentistry
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare
Publisher: BMJ Publishing Group
ISSN: 1353-8047
Last Modified: 01 May 2024 20:06

Citation Data

Cited 28 times in Scopus. View in Scopus. Powered By Scopus® Data

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item