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A new role for monoamine oxidases in the modulation of macrophage-inducible nitric oxide synthase gene expression

Vega, A., Chacon Fernandez, Pedro, Monteseirín, J., El Bekay, R., Álvarez, M., Alba, G., Conde, J., Martín-Nieto, J., Bedoya, F. J., Pintado, E. and Sobrino, F. 2004. A new role for monoamine oxidases in the modulation of macrophage-inducible nitric oxide synthase gene expression. Journal of leukocyte biology 75 (6) , pp. 1093-1101. 10.1189/jlb.1003459

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This report focuses on the modulatory role of endogenous H2O2 on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)/interferon-γ (IFN-γ)-induced inducible nitric oxide synthase (NOS2) gene expression in rat peritoneal macrophages. Exogenously added H2O2 was initially found to inhibit the synthesis of NOS2, which prompted us to assess the effect of the activity of monoamine oxidase (MAO) and semicarbazide-sensitive amine oxidase (SSAO) as H2O2-forming enzymes on NOS2 gene expression. In the presence of their substrates, tyramine for MAO and benzylamine for SSAO, intracellular synthesis of H2O2 took place with concomitant inhibition of LPS/IFN-γ-induced NOS2 protein synthesis, as detected by Western blotting, flow cytometry, and immunofluorescence microscopy analyses. Pargyline and semicarbazide, specific inhibitors of MAO and SSAO, respectively, canceled this negative effect of MAO substrates on NOS2 expression. In the presence of Fe2+ and Cu2+ ions, inhibition of NOS2 expression was enhanced, suggesting the participation in this regulation of species derived from Fenton chemistry. In addition, the negative effect of H2O2, generated by MAOs, was found to be exerted on NOS2 mRNA levels. These data offer a new insight in the control of NOS2 expression through the intracellular levels of H2O2 and other reactive oxygen species (ROS). The hypothesis can be raised that the inhibition of NOS by H2O2 could constitute a protective mechanism against the cytotoxic consequences of the activation of ROS-generating enzymes, thus providing a new, singular role for the MAO family of proteins.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
ISSN: 0741-5400
Last Modified: 28 Jun 2019 02:02

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