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15-Deoxy- 12,14-prostaglandin J2 induces heme Oxygenase-1 gene expression in a reactive oxygen species-dependent manner in human lymphocytes

Alvarez-Maqueda, M., Bekay, R. E., Alba, G., Monteseirin, J., Chacon Fernandez, Pedro, Vega, A., Martin-Nieto, J., Bedoya, F. J., Pintado, E. and Sobrino, F. 2004. 15-Deoxy- 12,14-prostaglandin J2 induces heme Oxygenase-1 gene expression in a reactive oxygen species-dependent manner in human lymphocytes. Journal of Biological Chemistry 279 (21) , pp. 21929-21937. 10.1074/jbc.M400492200

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15-Deoxy-Δ12,14-prostaglandin J2 (15dPGJ2 has been recently proposed as a potent anti-inflammatory agent. However, the mechanisms by which 15dPGJ2 mediates its therapeutic effects in vivo are unclear. We demonstrate that 15dPGJ2 at micromolar (2.5–10 μm) concentrations induces the expression of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), an anti-inflammatory enzyme, at both mRNA and protein levels in human lymphocytes. In contrast, troglitazone and ciglitazone, two thiazolidinediones that mimic several effects of 15dPGJ2 through their binding to the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-γ, did not affect HO-1 expression, and the positive effect of 15dPGJ2 on this process was mimicked instead by other cyclopentenone prostaglandins (PG), such as PGD2 (the precursor of 15dPGJ2) and PGA1 and PGA2 which do not interact with PPAR-γ. Also, 15dPGJ2 enhanced the intracellular production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and increased xanthine oxidase activity in vitro. Inhibition of intracellular ROS production by N-acetylcysteine, TEMPO, Me2SO, 1,10-phenanthroline, or allopurinol resulted in a decreased 15dPGJ2-dependent HO-1 expression in the cells. Furthermore, buthionine sulfoximine, an inhibitor of reduced glutathione synthesis, or Fe2+/Cu2+ ions enhanced the positive effect of 15dPGJ2 on HO-1 expression. On the other hand, the inhibition of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase or p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase, or the blockade of transcription factor NF-κB activation, hindered 15dPGJ2-elicited HO-1 expression. Collectively, the present data suggest that 15dPGJ2 anti-inflammatory actions at pharmacological concentrations involve the induction of HO-1 gene expression through mechanisms independent of PPAR-γ activation and dependent on ROS produced via the xanthine/xanthine oxidase system and/or through Fenton reactions. Both phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling pathways also appear implicated in modulation of HO-1 expression by 15dPGJ2.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Publisher: American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
ISSN: 0021-9258
Last Modified: 28 Jun 2019 02:02

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