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Selective antibody intervention of toll-like receptor 4 activation through Fc γ receptor tethering

Shang, Limin, Daubeuf, Bruno, Triantafilou, Martha ORCID:, Olden, Robin, Depis, Fabien, Raby, Anne-Catherine ORCID:, Herren, Suzanne, Dos Santos, Anaelle, Malinge, Pauline, Dunn-Siegrist, Irene, Benmkaddem, Sanae, Geinoz, Antoine, Magistrelli, Giovanni, Rousseau, Francois, Buatois, Vanessa, Salgado-Pires, Susana, Reith, Walter, Monteiro, Renato, Pugin, Jerome, Leger, Olivier, Ferlin, Walter, Kosco-Vilbois, Marie, Triantafilou, Kathy ORCID: and Elson, Greg 2014. Selective antibody intervention of toll-like receptor 4 activation through Fc γ receptor tethering. Journal of Biological Chemistry 289 (22) , pp. 15309-15318. 10.1074/jbc.M113.537936

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Inflammation is mediated mainly by leukocytes that express both Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) and Fc γ receptors (FcγR). Dysregulated activation of leukocytes via exogenous and endogenous ligands of TLR4 results in a large number of inflammatory disorders that underlie a variety of human diseases. Thus, differentially blocking inflammatory cells while sparing structural cells, which are FcγR-negative, represents an elegant strategy when targeting the underlying causes of human diseases. Here, we report a novel tethering mechanism of the Fv and Fc portions of anti-TLR4 blocking antibodies that achieves increased potency on inflammatory cells. In the presence of ligand (e.g. lipopolysaccharide (LPS)), TLR4 traffics into glycolipoprotein microdomains, forming concentrated protein platforms that include FcγRs. This clustering produces a microenvironment allowing anti-TLR4 antibodies to co-engage TLR4 and FcγRs, increasing their avidity and thus substantially increasing their inhibitory potency. Tethering of antibodies to both TLR4 and FcγRs proves valuable in ameliorating inflammation in vivo. This novel mechanism of action therefore has the potential to enable selective intervention of relevant cell types in TLR4-driven diseases.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Antibody; Fc gamma Receptor; Inflammation; Lipid Raft; Toll-like Receptor (TLR); Toll-like Receptor 4; Monoclonal Antibody.
Publisher: American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
ISSN: 0021-9258
Last Modified: 27 Oct 2022 09:46

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