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An international comparison study of pharmacy students’ achievement goals and their relationship to assessment type and scores

Alrakaf, Saleh, Anderson, Claire, Coulman, Sion ORCID:, John, David Neale ORCID:, Tordoff, June, Sainsbury, Erica, Rose, Grenville and Smith, Lorraine 2015. An international comparison study of pharmacy students’ achievement goals and their relationship to assessment type and scores. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education 79 (3) , pp. 1-8. 10.5688/ajpe79335

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Objectives: To 1) identify pharmacy students’ preferred achievement goals in a multi-national undergraduate population; 2) investigate achievement goal preferences across comparable degree programs; 3) identify the relationships between achievement goals, academic performance and assessment type. Methods: The Achievement Goal Questionnaire was administered to second year students in four universities in Australia, New Zealand, England and Wales. Academic performance was measured using total scores, multiple choice questions (MCQ) and written answers (short essay). Results: A total of 486 second year students participated. Students showed an overall preference for the Mastery-Approach goal orientation across all sites. The predicted relationships between goal orientation and MCQ, and written answers scores, were statistically significant. Conclusion: This study is the first of its kind to examine pharmacy students’ achievement goals at a multi-national level, and to differentiate between assessment type and measures of achievement motivation. Students adopting a Mastery-Approach goal are more likely to gain high scores in assessments that measure understanding and depth of knowledge.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Pharmacy
Subjects: R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
Uncontrolled Keywords: Achievement goals, Assessment type, Academic Achievement, Comparison study, Pharmacy education.
Publisher: Aacp American Association of Colleges of / American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy
ISSN: 0002-9459
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 30 March 2016
Date of Acceptance: 4 September 2014
Last Modified: 31 Oct 2022 22:59

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