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Translation of cell therapies to the clinic: characteristics of cell suspensions in large diameter injection cannulae

Torres, Eduardo Miguel, Trigano, Matthieu and Dunnett, Stephen Bruce ORCID: 2015. Translation of cell therapies to the clinic: characteristics of cell suspensions in large diameter injection cannulae. Cell Transplantation 24 (4) , pp. 737-749. 10.3727/096368914X685429

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With the use of cell replacement therapies as a realistic prospect for conditions such as Parkinson's and Huntington's diseases, the logistics of the delivery of cell suspensions to deep brain targets is a topic for consideration. Because of the large cannulae required for such procedures, we need to consider the behaviour of cell suspensions within the cannulae if we are to ensure that the injected cells are distributed as intended within the target tissue. We have investigated the behaviour of primary embryonic cell suspensions of neural tissue, in cannulae of different diameters, using a protocol designed to mimic the handling and injection of cells during clinical application. Internal cannula diameter had a large effect on the distribution of cells during their dispensation from the syringe. In vertical, or near vertical cannulae, cells settled towards the tip of the needle, and were dispensed unevenly, with the majority of cells emerging in the first 10-20% of the injectate. In horizontal or near-horizontal cannulae we observed the opposite effect, such that few cells were dispensed in the first 80% of the injectate, and the majority emerged in the final 10-20%. Use of a glass cannula showed that the results obtained using the horizontal cannula were caused by settling and adherence of the cells on the side of the cannulae, such that during dispensation, the overlying, cell-free solution was dispensed first, prior to the emergence of the cells. We show that the behaviour of cells in such cannulae is affected by the cannula diameter, and by the material of the cannula itself, and in horizontal cannulae, uneven expulsion of cells from the needle can be ameliorated by regular rotation of the cannula during the procedure. We discuss the potential impact of these observations on the translation of cell therapies to the clinic.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics (CNGG)
Neuroscience and Mental Health Research Institute (NMHRI)
Publisher: Cognizant Communication Corporation
ISSN: 1555-3892
Funders: MRC
Date of Acceptance: 29 October 2014
Last Modified: 24 May 2023 18:20

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