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A chloride current associated with swelling of cultured chick heart cells

Zhang, J., Rasmussen, R. L., Hall, Sarah K. and Lieberman, A. M. 1993. A chloride current associated with swelling of cultured chick heart cells. Journal of Physiology 472 , pp. 801-820. 10.1113/jphysiol.1993.sp019974

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Cultured chick heart cells challenged by hyposmotic stress underwent regulatory volume decrease (RVD) that was attenuated by prior depletion of intracellular chloride. 2. During hyposmotic swelling, cell aggregates experienced an initial increase in spontaneous contractile activity followed by eventual quiescence. Conventional microelectrode studies revealed an underlying increase in spontaneous electrical activity, followed by a sustained depolarization beyond threshold. 3. Whole-cell patch clamp studies, with K+ currents blocked, indicated that exposure of cells to hyposmotic solution (NaCl reduction) resulted in a rapid osmotic swelling followed by a substantial increase in whole-cell conductance which persisted for the duration of hyposmotic exposure and was almost completely reversed on return to isosmotic bath solution. 4. For a variety of Cl- concentrations, the reversal potentials (Erev) of the measured swelling-activated current closely followed the calculated Cl- equilibrium potential (ECl) with a linear regression slope of 0.82. When estimated by the Nernst equation, the relationship between Erev and the [Cl-]i/[Cl-]o ratio fitted well with a slope of 51 mV per decade change in the concentration ratio, consistent with a Cl(-)-selective conductance. 5. The permeability ratios of this swelling-activated conductance to chloride, methanesulphonate (MSA) and aspartate (Asp) were calculated as PCl:PMSA:PASP = 1:0.36:0.02, with the ion selectivity sequence of Cl- > MSA- >> Asp-, which suggests the swelling-activated conductance is slightly permeable to other anions. 6. Application of a Cl- channel blocker, diphenylamine-2-carboxylate (DPC, 200 microM), substantially suppressed the swelling-activated current without shifting the Erev of this current. The effect of DPC was independent of membrane potential. 7. This evidence demonstrates that hyposmotic swelling of cultured chick heart cells activates a channel-mediated Cl- conductance which may be associated with the integrated response of volume-regulatory mechanisms.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Subjects: Q Science > QP Physiology
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
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Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 07:53

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