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Actin polymerization modifies stimulus-oxidase coupling in rat neutrophils

Al-Mohanna, F. and Hallett, Maurice Bartett ORCID: 1987. Actin polymerization modifies stimulus-oxidase coupling in rat neutrophils. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Molecular Cell Research 927 (3) , pp. 366-371. 10.1016/0167-4889(87)90101-7

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Oxidase activity in rat neutrophils was monitored by oxygen consumption rate and luminol-dependent chemiluminescence. Two agents which inhibit actin polymerization, cytochalasin B and dihydrocytochalasin B, produced a marked enhancement (up to 10-fold) of oxidase activation induced by two Ca2+-dependent stimuli, chemotactic peptide and ionophore A23187. In contrast, activation by the calcium-independent stimulus, phorbol myristate acetate, was unaffected by these agents. Other agents that interact with the cytoskeleton, phalloidin and colchicine have no effect on activation by any stimulus tested. The effect of cytochalasin B, when added after stimulation by chemotactic peptide, was transient with t0.5 approx. 10 s. Similarly, the degree of actin polymerization following stimulation by chemotactic peptide was transient, decaying with a t0.5 of approx. 10 s. The half-maximal concentration of cytochalasin B for inhibition of actin polymerization was similar to that for enhancement of oxidase activation. It was concluded, therefore, that the intracellular Ca2+ rise in rat neutrophils that accompanies stimulation by chemotactic peptide affects actin polymerization in a manner that modifies oxidase activation.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0167-4889
Last Modified: 28 Oct 2022 09:00

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