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Threshold responses in production of reactive oxygen metabolites in individual neutrophils detected by flow cytometry and microfluorimetry

Patel, A. K., Hallett, Maurice Bartlett ORCID: and Campell, A. K. 1987. Threshold responses in production of reactive oxygen metabolites in individual neutrophils detected by flow cytometry and microfluorimetry. Biochemical Journal 248 (1) , pp. 173-180.

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1. The fluorescent compound 2',7'-dichlorofluorescein was used as an indicator of intracellular H2O2 production by neutrophils in order to compare the response of the cell population with that observed with individual cells determined by flow cytometry and quantitative fluorescence microscopy. 2. 2',7'-Dichlorofluorescein diacetate was deacetylated by intracellular esterases to form reduced 2',7'-dichlorofluorescein. The polar non-fluorescent intermediate remained trapped within both intracellular granules and the cytoplasm. Reduced dichlorofluorescein was oxidized by H2O2, a product of the oxidative burst, to yield the highly fluorescent product dichlorofluorescein. 3. A population of neutrophils stimulated by suboptimal concentrations of fMet-Leu-Phe (N-formylmethionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine) or phorbol ester (phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate) resulted in an oxidation of 45-50% of the cellular dichlorofluorescein (non-fluorescent) to oxidized dichlorofluorescein within 30 min. Subcellular fractionation showed that, although dichlorofluorescein (non-fluorescent) occurred both in the cytoplasm and the granules, oxidation of dichlorofluorescein (non-fluorescent) occurred predominantly in the granules of stimulated neutrophils. 4. Flow cytometry showed that unstimulated cells consisted of a single population of cells with low cellular fluorescence. Activation of neutrophils (to produce reactive oxygen metabolites) resulted in the appearance of a second population of cells, with high fluorescence. The number of cells in this new population increased with time. fMet-Leu-Phe (0.1 microM) or phorbol ester (1 ng/ml) activated 45% of the cells within 8 min and 42% within 30 min respectively. 5. Analysis of individual cells by quantitative fluorescence microscopy demonstrated that, in the presence of a suboptimal concentration of stimulus, cells either failed to respond or were activated after different time delays, 4-120 s (39 +/- 18.4 s) by fMet-Leu-Phe or 12-200 s (59 +/- 17.4 s) by phorbol ester. Furthermore the oxidative bursts were of different magnitudes. 6. It is concluded that, in order for an individual cell to cross the activation threshold for the 'end response', a critical concentration of stimulus together with the necessary changes in intracellular signals are required

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cells, Cultured, Flow Cytometry, Fluoresceins, Humans, Microscopy, Fluorescence, N-Formylmethionine Leucyl-Phenylalanine/pharmacology, Neutrophils/drug effects, Neutrophils/metabolism*, Oxygen/blood*, Subcellular Fractions/metabolism, Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate/pharmacology
Publisher: Biochemical Society
ISSN: 0264-6021
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Last Modified: 28 Oct 2022 09:04

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