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SCUBA: a common-user submillimetre camera operating on the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope

Holland, W. S., Robson, E. I., Gear, Walter Kieran ORCID:, Cunningham, C. R., Lightfoot, J. F., Jenness, T., Ivison, R. J., Stevens, J. A., Ade, Peter A. R. ORCID:, Griffin, Matthew Joseph ORCID:, Duncan, W. D., Murphy, J. A. and Naylor, D. A. 1999. SCUBA: a common-user submillimetre camera operating on the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 303 (4) , pp. 659-672. 10.1046/j.1365-8711.1999.02111.x

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SCUBA, the Submillimetre Common-User Bolometer Array, built by the Royal Observatory Edinburgh for the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope, is the most versatile and powerful of a new generation of submillimetre cameras. It combines a sensitive dual-waveband imaging array with a three-band photometer, and is sky-background-limited by the emission from the Mauna Kea atmosphere at all observing wavelengths from 350 μμto 2 mm. The increased sensitivity and array size mean that SCUBA maps close to 10 000 times faster than its single-pixel predecessor (UKT14). SCUBA is a facility instrument, open to the world community of users, and is provided with a high level of user support. We give an overview of the instrument, describe the observing modes, user interface and performance figures on the telescope, and present a sample of the exciting new results that have revolutionized submillimetre astronomy.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Physics and Astronomy
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Q Science > QC Physics
Uncontrolled Keywords: instrumentation: detectors; telescopes; dust, extinction; radio continuum: galaxies; radio continuum: ISM; radio continuum: stars
Additional Information: Pdf uploaded in accordance with publisher's policy at (accessed 20/02/2014).
Publisher: Royal Astronomical Society
ISSN: 0035-8711
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 30 March 2016
Last Modified: 10 May 2023 00:37

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