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The role of electrostriction on the stability of dielectric elastomer actuators

Gei, Massimiliano ORCID:, Colonnelli, Stefania and Springhetti, Roberta 2014. The role of electrostriction on the stability of dielectric elastomer actuators. International Journal of Solids and Structures 51 (3-4) , pp. 848-860. 10.1016/j.ijsolstr.2013.11.011

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In the field of soft dielectric elastomers, the notion ‘electrostriction’ indicates the dependency of the permittivity on strain. The present paper is aimed at investigating the effects of electrostriction onto the stability behaviour of homogeneous electrically activated dielectric elastomer actuators. In particular, three objectives are pursued and achieved: (i) the description of the phenomenon within the general nonlinear theory of electroelasticity; (ii) the application of the recently proposed theory of bifurcation for electroelastic bodies in order to determine its role on the onset of electromechanical and diffuse-mode instabilities in prestressed or prestretched dielectric layers; (iii) the analysis of band-localization instability in homogeneous dielectric elastomers. Results for a typical soft acrylic elastomer show that electrostriction is responsible for an enhancement towards diffuse-mode instability, while it represents a crucial property – necessarily to be taken into account – in order to provide a solution to the problem of electromechanical band-localization, that can be interpreted as a possible reason of electric breakdown. A comparison between the buckling stresses of a mechanical compressed slab and the electrically activated counterpart concludes the paper.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0020-7683
Last Modified: 28 Oct 2022 09:17

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